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牛津译林版高中英语必修一Unit 2《Growing pains》(Welcome to the unit ^ Reading)课件

  • 课件名称:牛津译林版高中英语必修一Unit 2《Growing pains》(Welcome to the unit ^ Reading)课件
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    牛津译林版高中英语必修一Unit 2《Growing pains》(Welcome to the unit ^ Reading)课件
    15. Mom and Dad arrive back from vacation a day earlier than expected. 爸爸妈妈外出度假, 比预计的时间提前一天回到家中。 【句式分析】   本句为一个复合句。than expected为状语从句的省略, 其完整的形式为than they were expected。 *The English exam is more difficult than it was expected. 英语考试比预料的要难。 *She has completed her composition earlier than (she was) expected. 她比预料的提前完成了作文。 【名师点津】详析状语从句的省略   含有when, while, if, unless, though, once, than等引导的时间、条件、让步以及比较状语从句的复合句中, 若主从句主语一致(或者从句主语是it), 且从句谓语含有be动词时, 可以将从句主语和be动词一起省略, 从而构成句式: 连词(when, while, if, unless, though, once, than. . . ) 非谓语动词。 *You should defend yourself if (you are) attacked. 当受到攻击时你应该自卫。 *You can’t be too careful when (you are) crossing the street. 你过马路时一定要小心。 【即学活用】 ①(2013·江西高考)If ______ to look after luggage for someone else, inform the police at once. A. asked          B. to ask C. asking D. having asked 【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意: 如果你被要求照看别人的行李, 立刻通知警察。后面的主句是祈使句, 句首省略了you, 主语you和ask存在被动关系; 从句的if后面省略了you are。 ②(2013·浙江高考)There are some health problems that, when ______ in time, can become bigger ones later on. A. not treated B. not being treated C. not to be treated D. not having been treated 【解析】选A。考查状语从句的省略。句意: 有些健康问题, 如果不及时治疗, 日后会变成大问题。that引导problems的定语从句; when引导定语从句中的时间状语从句, 补全为when they are not treated in time, 定语从句的主语that代指problems, 与when从句的主语相同, 符合状语从句省略的条件, 所以省略了主语they与助动词are。故选A。 【思维延伸】 (2013·福建高考)Anyone, once ______ positive for H7N9 flu virus, will receive free medical treatment from our government. A. to be tested B. being tested C. tested D. to test 【解析】选C。考查状语从句的省略。句意: 任何一个人一旦被检测到携带阳性H7N9流感病毒, 将会接受来自我们政府的免费治疗。若主句主语与状语从句的主语一致, 状语从句中又含有系动词be, 则可省略状语从句的主语和系动词, 该从句补充完整为once anyone is tested. . . , 故选C。 16. Eric runs in after it, followed by a big dog, walking very slowly. 埃里克跑进起居室追足球, 身后跟着一条大狗, 走路慢吞吞地。 【句式分析】 (1)这是一个简单句, 其中followed by是过去分词短语作状语, 表示伴随情况, 过去分词followed表明主语Eric与follow之间为被动关系。 9. upset adj. 不高兴的, 失望的 vt. 使不高兴, 使失望; 打乱, 打翻 【语境领悟】 *She was upset about the news that she failed in the driving test again. →She was upset that she failed in the driving test again. →She was upset to hear that she failed in the driving test again. →It upset her that she failed in the driving test again. →It upset her to hear that she failed in the driving test again. 得知驾驶测试又没过关, 她很心烦。 *You are not still upset with me, are you? 你不再生我的气了, 对吧? *He upset the bottle of milk on the table. 他打翻了桌子上的牛奶瓶。 *The heavy rain upset our plan of the picnic. 大雨打乱了我们要野餐的计划。 【归纳拓展】 (1)be/get upset about/at/over sth.   为某事难过/不高兴 be upset with sb. 生某人的气 be upset that. . . 对……感到不高兴 (2)It upset(s)sb. that. . . 让某人心烦的是…… It upset(s)sb. to do sth. 做某事使某人不快 【巧学助记】 “心烦的”upset 【即学活用】 ①She refused to offer any help, which quite ______ all the people present. A. ignored B. settled C. upset D. suffered 【解析】选C。考
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